- Father, I have a problem.
- What's the deal?
- You know, I love a man, just live without it I can not.
- Well, what's the question? To paint, is crowned, and live happily ever after!
- Well, you know, my lover - a Muslim. He is not a fanatic. Eat pork, does not make prayers, but he is a Muslim by birth, and therefore does not want to renounce the faith of their ancestors. He believes in God, and we believe that God is one, and if so, there will be no sin in our wedding. And as the Church believes? After all, I'm Orthodox, so I have to get the blessing of the marriage.
Such talk is often happening in our churches. And this is not surprising. After the Soviet time there was mixing of peoples. And the situation when the marriage want to join the believers of the two religions, has become very common. But God commends this business? How to proceed if there is a wedding? How to behave Orthodox spouse follower of Islam? These are the questions we will answer in this work.
As a church refers to marriage with people of other religions?
Contrary to the opinion of many, and the word of God, and the decision of the Church unequivocally condemn marriages between Christians and non-Christians. If we look at the scriptures, we see that almost throughout the sacred history, God warns against mixing of His faithful people to those who fails to comply with His will. Already at the beginning of the world there was the greatest catastrophe of the Flood, caused by the fact that the "sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair, and they took them wives of all which they chose. And the Lord God said, My spirit shall not always strive with man to be with these, because they are flesh "(Genesis 6:2-3). The traditional interpretation says that the sons of God - the descendants of Seth, faithful to the Lord, and the daughters of men - kainitki, and the mixing of these two genera has led to the death of the ancient world. Mindful of this terrible event, St.. Abraham made his servant swear by God that he will not take Isaac a wife from the daughters of Canaan (Genesis 24:3). Similarly, one of the reasons for the rejection of Esau was that he took to wife Hittite. "And it is a burden to Isaac and Rebekah" (Genesis 26:35), so that the latter said that she was "not happy life because of the daughters of Heth" (Gen. 27:46).
The law of God recorded in writing this rule: "Do not take of their daughters for your sons, and your daughters in marriage does not come on, and their daughters go a whoring after their gods, and make your sons go a whoring after their gods" (Exodus 34:16 ). And "if you anger be kindled against the Lord, and He will destroy you" (Deuteronomy 7:4).
And, indeed, this threat overtook those who violate the covenant of the Lord. Starting from the terrible defeat at Baal Peor, which killed 24,000 people, just hit the spear Phinehas stopped the punishment. (Numbers 25) In continuation of the Board judges Samson killed because of Philistine Delilah (Judges 16), and to the terrible sin of Solomon the wisest king, whose heart his wives. (3Tsar. 11:3). God immediately punished those who disobeyed his command.
Moreover, this commandment was in no way connected with the idea of the purity of blood. Rahab - the harlot, Zipporah - Moses' wife, Ruth - the Moabite who have renounced their false gods, went into the people of God. Especially important this commandment was for the saints of Ezra and Nehemiah, who fought with a mix of the chosen people with foreigners (Ezra 1. 9-10; Neem.13, 23-29).
The Word of God is called mixed marriages "a great evil, a sin before God" (Nehemiah 13:27), "lawlessness, exceeding the head, and the reason for that has grown up to the heavens" (1Ezd. 9:6). Prophet. Malachi declares, "Judah hath dealt treacherously, and an abomination is committed in Israel and in Jerusalem, for Judah holiness of the LORD which he loved, and married the daughter of a foreign god." "The one who does this, the Lord will destroy from the tents of Jacob Vigil guard and meeting and offering to the Lord of hosts" (Malachi 2:11-12). Not in response to this curse of God, the children of such criminals and criminals are becoming atheists, and often die?
When it was the New Testament, the law of Moses was surpassed by the grace of the Gospel: however, this is the commandment of the Lord remained in force. Apostolic Council in Jerusalem, commanded the Gentile converts to abstain from sexual immorality (Acts 15:29), from which commentators deduce the effectiveness of marriage prohibitions of the Old Testament for Christians. Next, the apostle Paul, allowing his wife to go out a second time married, adds "only in the Lord" (1 Cor. 7, 39).
For Christians has always been apparent inability to marry with infidels, and this was done faithfully, despite the fact that Christian communities were very small. So svmch. Ignatius writes: "Tell my sisters to love the Lord and have been pleased with their husbands in the flesh and in spirit. Just prescribe and my brothers in the name of Jesus Christ to "love their wives as Christ loves the Lord Jesus Church" ... Good men and women who marry, do so with the blessing of the bishop, so that the marriage was on the Lord and not for lust. " Also thought and other holy fathers. For example, the holy. Ambrose says: "If the most marriage should be sanctified by the cover and the priestly blessing: how can a marriage where there is no consent of the faith."
This exercise directly expressed by the mouth of the Orthodox Church of the Ecumenical Councils. 14 rule IV Ecumenical Council imposes a penance for those readers and singers who are married with those of other religions or send their children to the marriage. In accordance with the interpretation of en. Nicodemus (Milasha) is a punishment - deposition. Even more clearly, and without any possibility of misinterpretation described attitude of the Church toward this issue in Rule 72 VI Ecumenical Council. It reads: "Orthodox unworthy husband and wife marriage sovokuplyatisya heretical or orthodox wife to her husband sochetavatisya heretic. If thou shalt provide will be something such, anyone who has made us: read a shaky marriage and cohabitation is illegal to terminate. For it is not fitting to mix unmixed below sovokuplyati wolf with a sheep, and a part of the lot of sinners Christ. If ye also transgress who purposed upon us, let him be excommunicated. If ye but some, being still in unbelief, and not having been named among the Orthodox flock, combine a legal union between themselves: then the only ones in electing good, resorted to the light of truth, and the other remained in bondage delusion, not wanting to look upon the divine rays and, moreover, If ye unfaithful wife and her husband want sozhitelstvovati correct, incorrect, or in front of her husband with the wife shall be faithful: let him not be separated, according to the divine Apostle: Hallowed bo husband is wrong about his wife, and the wife hallowed wrong about the husband of the faithful (1 Cor 7:14) " .
The same rule had and Russia before the revolution of 1917. According to Russian law, "Russian citizen Orthodox faith marriage with non-Christians are prohibited at all", but marriage is not recognized by pairing "lawful and valid." Children born to such a union, recognized illegitimate, had no inheritance rights and title, and she admitted adulterous relationship. Christian, to join it, even at that time was supposed to 4 years of excommunication from the Communion.
In the same case, when one of the spouses heterodox turned to Christianity, with those who remained outside the church, immediately undertook subscription that children who would be born to them after that, will be baptized in the Orthodox Church. Gentile will not in any way lead to his faith, and his loyal half will not lose edinobrachnogo cohabitation in all the time of her life, and would not force her to return to the previous error. If the adulterer was giving such subscription and followed it, the marriage is recognized by the law, but if a refusal or breach of these obligations, then immediately terminates the marriage, and had the right to convert to a new marriage with the Orthodox. Great dogmatist XIX century - for example, Met. Macarius (Bulgakov) - also found it impossible to marry a believer with gentile.
So that God and His Church categorically forbid Christians to enter into an alliance with non-Christians. And this is not surprising. After marriage the two become one flesh, and how can he be happy if one of the spouses believe in the Triune God of love and the other is afraid of a distant solitary ruler who does not meet with them? How can peacefully coexist those who wear the cross on his chest, and he who believes if Christ is not crucified? What kind of fortress of the family can say when the husband is entitled to on the basis of their faith start a mistress, whom he would call new wives or concubines?...